Gain more readers for your article with a concise but comprehensive abstract that communicates the content of the full article.
Your abstract should provide a concise summary of the research conducted, the conclusions reached, and the potential implications of those conclusions, as well as:
- Consist of a single paragraph up to 250 words that communicate clearly, with correct grammar and unambiguous terminology
- Be self-contained, without abbreviations, footnotes, references, or mathematical equations
- Highlight what is novel in your work
- Include 3-5 keywords or phrases that describe the research to help readers find your article
Although the abstract is at the beginning of a published article, most authors write the abstract last and edit it multiple times before article publication to ensure it accurately captures the entire article.