Prior to submission to an IEEE publication
Authors may post their article anywhere at any time, including on preprint servers such as arXiv.org. This does not count as a prior publication.
Upon submission to an IEEE publication
Authors may share or post their submitted version of the article (also known as the preprint) in the following ways:
- On the author’s personal website or their employer’s website
- On institutional or funder websites if required
- In the author’s own classroom use
- On Scholarly Collaboration Networks (SCNs) that are signatories to the International Association of Scientific, Technical, and Medical Publishers’ Sharing Principles
The following text should be included on the first page of the submitted article when it first is posted in any of the above outlets: “This work has been submitted to the IEEE for possible publication. Copyright may be transferred without notice, after which this version may no longer be accessible.”
Upon acceptance to an IEEE publication
If an author previously posted their submitted version of the article in any of the following locations, he or she will need to replace the submitted version with the accepted version and add the IEEE copyright notice (© 20XX IEEE). When the article is published, the posted version should be updated with a full citation to the original IEEE publication, including DOI. No other changes may be made to the accepted article.
- Author’s personal website
- Author’s employer’s website
- Funder’s repository*
*IEEE policy provides that authors are free to follow public access mandates to post accepted articles in funding agency repositories. When posting in a funding agency repository, the IEEE embargo period is 24 months. However, IEEE recognizes that posting requirements and embargo periods vary by funder, and IEEE authors may comply with requirements to deposit their accepted manuscripts in funding agency repositories where the embargo is less than 24 months.
The posted article must be removed from any other third-party servers.
Final published article
For articles that are not published under an open access license and use the standard IEEE Copyright Form the author may not post the final published article online, but may:
- Share copies of the final published article for individual personal use
- Use the final published article in their own classroom with permission from IEEE
- Use in their own thesis or dissertation with permission from IEEE
Any third-party reuse requires permission from IEEE.
For articles that are published open access under the IEEE Open Access Publishing Agreement (OAPA) the author may post the final published article on:
- Their personal website and their employer’s website
- Institutional or funder websites as required
Third-party reuse requires permission from IEEE.
For articles that are published open access under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY):
- Author and third parties, including funder websites, may post, share, and use the final published article without permission, even for commercial purposes or to create derivative works
- Author retains copyright; end users have very broad reuse rights provided that they credit the original author
The article proof that the author receives for approval between acceptance and publication may not be posted online.
- IEEE Article Sharing and Posting Policies infographic (PDF, 155 KB)
- IEEE Publication Services and Products Board Operations Manual, Section 8.1.9.A