Definition of Authorship

Authors and authorship defined: Who is an author?

Who should be listed as an author on your scientific article? IEEE’s definition of authorship will help you answer that question and clarify each author’s responsibilities.

IEEE considers individuals who meet all of the following criteria to be authors:

  1. Made a significant intellectual contribution to the theoretical development, system or experimental design, prototype development, and/or the analysis and interpretation of data associated with the work contained in the article;
  2. Contributed to drafting the article or reviewing and/or revising it for intellectual content;
  3. Approved the final version of the article as accepted for publication, including references.

Contributors who do not meet all of the above criteria may be included in the Acknowledgment section of the article. Omitting an author who contributed to your article or including a person who did not fulfill all of the above requirements is considered a breach of publishing ethics.

Source: IEEE Publication Services and Products Board Operations Manual, Section 8.2.1.A.1.

Authorship for Articles with Multiple Authors

If you are collaborating with other authors to publish an article, you will all need to agree on which author will be designated as the corresponding author. The corresponding author is the single point of contact between the authors and the journal where the article is submitted. In addition to all of the authorship criteria described above, the corresponding author is also responsible for:

  1. Including as co-authors all persons appropriate and none inappropriate;
  2. Obtaining from all co-authors their assent to be designated as such, as well as their approval of the final version of the article as accepted for publication; and
  3. Keeping all co-authors apprised of the current status of an article submitted for publication, including furnishing all co-authors with copies of the reviewers’ comments and a copy of the published version, as appropriate.

Tip: Select your article’s corresponding author before submitting to a journal. Co-authors remain responsible for work submitted, reviewed, and published under their names.

Source: IEEE Publication Services and Products Board Operations Manual, Section 8.2.1.A.5.