Ethics in Peer Review

Learn about the ethical responsibilities of the reviewer and the author during peer review.

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Peer review is a system based on trust. Each party—the reviewer, the author, and the publication—relies on the others to operate professionally, ethically, expediently, and confidentially.

Responsibilities of the Reviewer

  • Provide a prompt, thorough, and impartial review of the article
  • Give constructive feedback with reasonable suggestions and professional tone
  • Avoid suggesting the addition of irrelevant or unnecessary references
  • Alert publication to any suspected ethical issues
  • Maintain confidentiality by safeguarding the unique contributions of the author’s work

Responsibilities of the Author

  • Accurately report research findings
  • Ensure article meets all publication requirements and adheres to ethical standards
  • Revise article as per reviewers’ suggestions (or give a reason why not)
Learn more about the author’s responsibilities during peer review.

Responsibilities of the Publication

The publication’s responsibilities may be fulfilled by a journal Editor or a conference chair.

  • Select, invite, and manage reviewers
  • Ensure a fair and speedy peer review process
  • Synthesize disparate peer review reports and arrive at a final decision
  • Maintain confidentiality by preserving the reviewer’s anonymity and by safeguarding the unique contributions of the author’s work
  • Uphold all policies of the publication, including ethical policies
Learn more about the editor’s responsibilities during peer review.

Any questions from authors or reviewers about the peer review process should be directed to the publication.

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