Ethics in Peer Review

Learn about the ethical responsibilities of the editor, reviewer, and author during peer review.

Peer review is a system based on trust. Each party—the author, the editor, and the reviewer—relies on the others to operate professionally, ethically, expediently, and confidentially.

Responsibilities of the Editor

  • Select, invite, and manage reviewers
  • Ensure a fair and speedy peer review process
  • Synthesize disparate peer review reports and arrive at a final decision
  • Maintain confidentiality by preserving the reviewer’s anonymity and by safeguarding the unique contributions of the author’s work
  • Uphold all policies of the journal, including ethical policies

Responsibilities of the Reviewer

  • Provide a prompt, thorough, and impartial review of the article
  • Give constructive feedback with reasonable suggestions and professional tone
  • Avoid suggesting the addition of irrelevant or unnecessary references
  • Alert Editor to any suspected ethical issues
  • Maintain confidentiality by safeguarding the unique contributions of the author’s work

Responsibilities of the Author

  • Accurately report research findings
  • Ensure article meets all journal requirements and adheres to ethical standards
  • Revise article as per suggestions from editor and reviewers (or give a reason why not)

Any questions from authors or reviewers about the peer review process should be directed to the Editor.